Comparison: “Thai Legal Framework: Key Considerations for Expatriates and Investors” vs. “Thai Legal

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Comparison: "Thai Legal Framework: Key Considerations for Expatriates and Investors" vs. "Thai Legal


Thai Legal Framework: Provides an in-depth overview mentioning the culture, cuisine, landscapes, and the country’s appeal to businesses and investors.

Thai Legal: Gives a concise description addressing foreigners’ unfamiliarity with Thai regulations and traditions.


Thai Legal Framework: Describes the constitution as the foundation of the Thai legal system, emphasizing its various versions over time and its guarantee of fundamental rights.

Thai Legal: Simply states the constitution as the primary law, emphasizing that no other laws should conflict with it.

Property and Land Ownership

Thai Legal Framework: Covers the prohibition of direct land ownership by foreigners, the possibility of owning buildings, and the use of long-term lease agreements. Also touches on owning land through Thai companies with conditions.

Thai Legal: Primarily highlights that foreigners can’t own land directly but can own condos. It also mentions the 30-year leasing option.

Business and Investment

Thai Legal Framework: Provides a detailed overview of the BOI privileges, the Foreign Business Act’s categorizations, and international agreements like DTA and BIT.

Thai Legal: Focuses on compliance with the Foreign Business Act and mentions treaties, the Thai BOI’s privileges, and the conditions based on investment type.

Labor Laws

Thai Legal Framework: Addresses the necessity of work permits for expatriates, the rights they have in employment, and the ratio of foreign to Thai employees in certain sectors.

Thai Legal: Briefly touches upon the need for a legal work permit, labor protection laws, and the employment ratio between Thais and foreigners.

Immigration Laws

Thai Legal Framework: Highlights different visa requirements based on the purpose of stay and mentions the Non-Immigrant O-A visa for long-term stays.

Thai Legal: Explains visa requirements depending on the purpose of the visit.


Thai Legal Framework: Discusses personal income tax based on a progressive rate and corporate tax on profits.

Thai Legal: Mentions personal income tax, emphasizing the progressive rate, and clarifies corporate tax is at a fixed rate of 20% of profits.

Intellectual Property Rights

Thai Legal Framework: Highlights Thailand’s participation in major international IP treaties and the protection offered for various IPs.

Thai Legal: Notes the importance Thailand gives to protecting intellectual property rights.

Dispute Resolution

Thai Legal Framework: Explains Thailand’s multi-tiered court system and the option of arbitration due to Thailand’s participation in the New York Convention.

Thai Legal: Simply distinguishes between settling disputes in court and through arbitration.


Thai Legal Framework: Emphasizes Thailand’s appeal due to its economy and location, advising due diligence and seeking local legal expertise when navigating the legal framework.

Thai Legal: Does not offer a specific concluding section.

In summary, while both texts provide essential information about the Thai legal framework for foreigners, the “Thai Legal Framework: Key Considerations for Expatriates and Investors” offers a more comprehensive, detailed, and structured overview. In contrast, “Thai Legal” provides a concise and straightforward presentation of the essential legal points.

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